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Migraine and Headaches

What is Migraine?
Migraines are severe headaches that affect the patient in a way that makes him unable to focus on his daily activities. It mostly starts from a headache on one side of the head and gradually moving to both sides of the head in many cases. In migraine, the nerve cells get overactive and stir the blood vessels to release extra hormones. The release of the hormones causes swelling near the nerve terminals and those results in acute, excruciating pain. It may accompany other symptoms like blurred vision, blind spots, sensitivity to lights and sound, nausea, and vomiting.

Some facts about migraines:
One in seven people globally is affected by migraines.
Only in America, about 12% of the population suffers from this disorder.
Women are mostly affected by migraines.
Migraines are the third most common type of neurological disorder in the world.
Chronic migraines can cause disabilities in people like paraplegia, angina, blindness, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Can trigger severe depression as well.
Other neurological disorders can also be triggered.
Symptoms of the Migraine:
Knowing the symptoms and identifying them is important. Here are some of the most common symptoms that people experience during the attacks of migraines:
Palpitating pain on one side or both sides of the head.
Vision blurriness, temporary loss of vision, seeing blind spot or flash of lights.
Sensitivity to loud music or sound.
Fatigue, nausea, or vomiting
Diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or stomach pain.

Causes that may trigger the migraines:
The main cause of migraines is still not known. Causes that trigger the attacks of migraines vary from person to person. One needs to identify which triggers the migraine in him to avoid the frequent attacks of migraines. Here are some of the factors that may trigger migraine headaches.
Excessive anxiety and stress
Too much intake of caffeine
Hormonal issues
Genetic disorders
Unhealthy lifestyle
Some kind of food intolerance
Sleeplessness and many more.

Types of migraine:
There are many types of migraines that are identified by experts. Among these, the most common is the ‘migraine without aura’ which is the migraine that comes without any warning sign. Migraine with aura, migraine with brainstem aura, Chronic migraine, Hemiplegic migraine, Menstrual migraine, Abdominal migraine, Vestibular migraine, etc.

Steps to follow to keep frequent migraine attacks at bay:
Migraine cannot be cured completely. But you can control the severity and the levels of attacks by taking some measures.
Make sure you get quality, sound, and consistent sleep.
Make sure you enjoy a healthy diet
Frequent food intake in every two or three hours
Maintain an active lifestyle with exercise, meditation, and yoga
Cut on your caffeine intake.
Avoid certain foods that you may have intolerance towards.

These lifestyle changes can help you in case you are affected by migraines. It is always advisable to visit and consult the primary health care provider or the headache specialist. They can guide you and can keep you informed about any new approach to treating migraines.
Migraine treatment is not impossible. It depends on severity. Mild symptoms can be cured with over-the-counter medication. If you are having migraine attacks more than once a month, your doctor can prescribe you certain medication. Some severe cases may need surgery. Alternative therapies like acupuncture and biofeedback can be tried as well. Nowadays Biomagnetism therapy,
( is also creating buzz. You can consult with your health care provider to look for a solution that works for you.

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